The underground formations, caves and galleries are an important component of the Lebanese natural heritage. There are more than 300 caves most of which exceed 20m in length. The majority of these caves have been formed through centuries of water activity within them, creating indescribable stalagmites, stalactites, pisolites, pillars and draperies.

A few of these grottos have undergone overhauling to receive tourists, while many others are accessible to the scholars and the adventurous type. IKAMA has sampled a few of these caves below for your review.

Afqua Grotto

The grotto of Afqa gives birth to Lebanon’s largest river – Ibrahim River – which flows out through several outlets, streams, and water pools. The cave’s gaping entrance dominates the mountainside, as water gushes out making it’s way down the valley below.

When the flow of water slows down in the summer, it is possible for one to enter the cave and explore the many tunnels and chambers deep into the mountain.

Roueiss Cave

Roueiss cave is an ideal cave for beginners to explore with the company of an expert guide. Not only is the cave big (the second longest in Lebanon after Jeita), it also has large chambers with several passages that at times are narrow and low. It is possible to walk through the cave to an exit.

Water streams snake their way through the cave and is considered as a primary water source that feed the Ibrahim River. Water drips from the cave’s ceiling at various spots, creating amazing stalagmites and stalactites.

Ain El Libne

Ain el Libne cave was first explored in 1962. Several other discoveries within the cave were recorded in the following decade. However, it wasn’t until the mid nineties that most of the cave was surveyed, moving it to the 4th place on Lebanon’s longest caves list, and there are still many fossil parts to be explored. The cave has a streamway and consists of three levels with narrow and walking passages, and chambers of various sizes.

Ain el Libne is a beautiful cave, which mainly develops horizontally. It isn’t very difficult to explore, but might be a little challenging at various ends.